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脚手架租赁施工安全管理中存在问题的解决对策

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脚手架租赁施工安全管理中存在问题的解决对策

发布日期:2018.08.21作者:点击:

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YI、MUQIANJIANZHUSHIGONGJIAOSHOUJIAANQUANGUANLIZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI

1、JIAOSHOUJIASHEJIHECAILIAOFANGMIANMUQIAN,WOGUOJIAOSHOUJIAJISHULUOHOU,JISHULILIANGBORUO,CUNZAISHEJI、CAILIAOLIANGFANGMIANJISHUWENTI。SHEJISHIYINQIJIANZHUGONGCHENGJIAOSHOUJIAZHILIANGHEANQUANWENTIDEZHUYAOYUANYIN,CUNZAIDEWENTIZHUYAOYOU:BUHELIGUIFANSHEJIJIAOSHOUJIAHUOPEIBEIPATI,SHEJISHIMEIYOUCAIYONGZHUNQUESHUJUHUOGONGSHI,DAOZHIJISUANJIEGUOCHUXIANCUOWU;SHEJISHIMEIYOUANZHAOFAGUISHEJIJIAOSHOUJIASHEBEIHUOBUJUBEIZIZHI。

2、JIAOSHOUJIADASHEFANGMIANZAIJIANZHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHOUJIADASHESHIJIQIZHONGYAOQIEYIFASHENGANQUANSHIGUDEHUANJIE。ZAISHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,LUODIHUOXUANTIAOJIAOSHOUJIACUNZAIMEIYOUYANGEANZHAOSHEJIYAOQIUDASHEDEWENTI。ERQIEZAIGAOCHUDASHEJIAOSHOUJIASHI,YOUXIESHIGONGRENYUANMEIYOUYANGEANZHAOGUIDINGANQUANCAOZUO,MEIYOUZHENGQUEPEIDAIANQUANDAI、ANQUANMAO,DAOZHIANQUANDEBUDAOBAOZHANG。CIWAI,JIAOSHOUJIADASHEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUZHENGTIBUWENSHICHANGCHUXIANJIAOSHOUJIAJUBUHUOZHENGTIDAOTASHIGU,JISHIGONGRENYUANZISHENANQUANDAILAIYANZHONGWEIHAI。LIRU2004NIAN5YUE12RI,HENANANYANGSHIANBOJIANZHUGONGSIXINYIGONGCHENGERQIXIANGMUSHIGONGZUOYEGUOCHENGZHONG,YINJIAOSHOUJIAJIATISHOULIBUJUNYUN,LIDIMIANYUE10 mDEGANGGUANFASHENGDUANLIE。DAOZHIZHENGGEJIAOSHOUJIASHIWENDAOTA,ZAOCHENG21MINGSHIGONGRENYUANSIWANG、10MINGSHOUSHANGDEYANZHONGSHIGU。

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ER、JIANZHUSHIGONGJIAOSHOUJIAANQUANGUANLIDUICE

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2、YANGEANZHAOGUIFANDASHEHECHAICHUJIAOSHOUJIADASHEHECHAICHUJIAOSHOUJIASHI,BIXUANPAISHIGONGDUIWUYANGEANZHAOGUIFANJINXINGSHIGONG。

搭设脚手架必须注意以下几方面:
(1)严禁随意拆动、撞损脚手架构件及相关安全防护设施,必须经专业技术人员批准,才能改动脚手架;
(2)严禁在恶劣天气时使用脚手架,恶劣天气之后使用脚手架必须严格检查,并做好防滑措施;
(3)保持脚手架施工现场整洁,合理放置搭设工具和原料,及时清理搭设时产生的垃圾,以免绊倒或伤害人。

拆除脚手架必须注意以下几方面:
(1)派专人看守划出的脚手架安全区,严禁非施工人员进行拆除区;
(2)施工人员做好各项安全防护措施,安排专人在地面勘察、指挥或防护,若拆除高处脚手架,相关施工人员必须系安全带和戴安全帽;
(3)以“由上而下,先搭后拆”为脚手架拆除原则,并严格遵守原则。拆除前需先将脚手架中的脚手板等杂物拆除,严禁同时拆除山下脚手架。

3、建立完善脚手架检查监督机制搭设、使用及拆除脚手架时,必须仔细检查,以便及时发现并采取有效安全对策处理存在的问题和隐患。在建筑工程脚手架安全管理中,建筑企业必须明确职工职责,落实岗位安全生产责任制,对脚手架进行加强管理,以便日常检查和管理脚手架。
4、提高施工人员素质提高施工人员素质的措施主要有:
(1)实行有效的考核机制,建筑工程脚手架搭设人员必须通过国家标准《特种作业人员安全技术考核管理规则》(GB5 036)考核,并具备国家特种人员安全技术证书;
(2)主管部门定期对脚手架施工人员进行技能和安全知识培训,并组织这些人员学习、参观其他工程脚手架搭设技术,开阔其视野,吸收同行先进技术与经验;
(3)脚手架施工方案编制人员需对脚手架施工人员进行安全技术交底,使相关人员深入了解脚手架方案,从而很好的贯彻落实。

SAN、JIEYUZAIJIANZHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHONG,JIAOSHOUJIASHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODESHIGONGGONGJU。SUIZHESHEHUIJINGJIHEJIANZHUYEDEKUAISUFAZHAN,JIAOSHOUJIADESHIYONGYUELAIYUEDUO,QIANQUANGUANLIYERIYIZHONGYAO。ZAIJIAOSHOUJIASHEJIHECAILIAO、JIAOSHOUJIADASHE、JIAOSHOUJIAGUANLI、SHIGONGRENYUANSUZHIDENGFANGMIAN,JIANZHUSHIGONGJIAOSHOUJIAANQUANGUANLICUNZAIZHUDUOWENTI。ERJIAQIANGJIAOSHOUJIAJISHUHECAILIAOKONGZHI,YANGEANZHAOGUIFANDASHEHECHAICHUJIAOSHOUJIA,JIANLIWANSHANJIAOSHOUJIAJIANCHAJIANDUJIZHI,TIGAOSHIGONGRENYUANSUZHI,YOULIYUTIGAOJIAOSHOUJIAANQUANGUANLISHUIPING,JIANSHAOYINJIAOSHOUJIADAOTADAOZHIDEZHONGDAJIANSHESHANGWANGSHIGU,QUEBAORENMINSHENGMINGCAICHANANQUAN。

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