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落地式脚手架搭建施工方案及材料要求

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落地式脚手架搭建施工方案及材料要求

发布日期:2018.03.26作者:点击:

     LUODISHIJIAOSHOUJIABENGUIFANSHIYONGYUGONGYEYUMINYONGJIANZHUSHIGONGYONGLUODISHI(DICHENGSHI)DAN、SHUANGPAIKOUJIANSHIGANGGUANJIAOSHOUJIADESHEJIYUSHIGONG,YIJISHUIPINGHUNNINGTUJIEGOUGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHONGMOBANZHIJIADESHEJIYUSHIGONG。

     落地式脚手架施工方案一般都是针对在建筑工地上专业的建筑工人才会遇到的文艺,平常我们在这方面是不会接触到的。首先,让我们先来了解一下什么是落地式脚手架,落地式脚手架是指在建筑工地施工的现场,建筑工人为了方便操作,并解决高楼层水平运输而搭设的各种支架,属于脚手架的一种。今天,小编为大家介绍一个落地式脚手架施工方案。

工艺流程

     DINGWEISHEZHIMUDIANBAN→ZONGXIANGSAODIGAN→LIGAN→HENGXIANGSAODIGAN→HENGXIANGSHUIPINGGAN→ZONGXIANGSHUIPINGGAN →JIANDAOCHENG→LIANQIANGJIAN→PUJIAOSHOUBAN→ZHAFANGHULANGAN→ZHAANQUANWANG


  落地式脚手架施工方案:使用材料要求


  1、钢管选用外径48mm,壁厚3.5mm的焊接钢管,严禁将外径48mm与51mm的钢管混合使用。立杆、大横杆和斜杆的最大长度为6m,小横杆长度1.2m。

  2、GENJU《KEZHUTIEFENLEIJIJISHUTIAOJIAN》(GB978-67)DEGUIDING,KOUJIANCAIYONGJIXIEXINGNENGBUDIYUKTH330-08DEKEDUANZHUTIEZHIZAO。ZHUJIANBUDEYOULIEWEN、QIKONG,BUYIYOUSUOSONG、SHAYAN、JIAOMAOKOUCANYUPIFENG,MAOCI、YANGHUAPIDENGQINGCHUGANJING。GANGGUANSHANGYANJINDAKONG。

  3、KOUJIANYUGANGGUANDETIEHEMIANBIXUYANGEZHENGXING,YINGBAOZHENGYUGANGGUANKOUJINSHIJIECHULIANGHAO,DANGKOUJIANJIAJINGANGGUANSHI,KAIKOUCHUDEZUIXIAOJULIYINGBUXIAOYU5mm,ZAILUOSHUANNINGJINLIJUDADAO65N??mSHI,KOUJIANBUDEFASHENGPOHUAI。

  4、KOUJIANHUODONGBUWEIYINGNENGLINGHUOZHUANDONG,XUANZHUANKOUJIANDELIANGXUANZHUANMIANJIANXIYINGXIAOYU1mm。

  5、KOUJIANBIAOMIANYINGJINXINGFANGXIUCHULI。

  6、JIAOSHOUBANCAIYONGYOUMAOZHUHUONANZHUZHIZUODEZHUCHUANPIANBAN250×2400mm。

  7、GANGGUANJIKOUJIANBAOFEIBIAOZHUN:GANGGUANWANQU、YABIAN、YOULIEWENHUOYANZHONGXIUSHI;JIUKOUJIANSHIYONGQIANYINGJINXINGZHILIANGJIANCHA,YOULIEFENG、BIANXINGDEYANJINSHIYONG,CHUXIANHUASIDELUOSHUANBIXUGENGHUAN。

  8、WAIJIAGANGGUANCAIYONGHUANGSEFANGXIUQI,LANGANCAIYONGHONGBAIXIANGJIANSEFANGXIUQI,KOUJIANSHUAANHONGSEFANGXIUQI。

  9、LIANQIANGJIAN:SHIYONGTONGLIGAN、HENGGANYIZHIDEGANGGUANZUOLIANQIANGJIAN。


落地式脚手架施工方案及使用材料要求


  落地式脚手架施工方案:构造要求


  落地脚手架底不在地下室顶板上的地坪用C10砼硬化,场地平整不得积水,立杆采用单立杆,立杆底按照规范要求设垫板及底座,内排架距墙宽度0.3m,立杆排距0.8m,柱距1.5m,步高1.8m,小横杆水平间距1.5m,每步大横杆4根,离底步200处设置一道大、小横杆(扫地杆),脚手架与主体的连墙杆采用两步三跨设置:竖向间距约3.6m,水平间距约4.5m,采用扣件连接;外侧竖杆每隔5—7根设竖向剪刀撑一道,在高度中部设大剪刀撑一道,剪刀撑的角度为45度—60度。施工层外侧设置0.9m高防护栏杆及18cm高挡脚板。由于部分楼层装饰构造外挑尺寸较大,最大的达1.3m,造成外脚手架离墙体较远,操作层和每10m一道的封闭层小横杆需增加挑往墙体的长度,并用脚手板封闭。


  落地式脚手架施工方案:立杆基础设置


  1、基础应平整夯实,表面应进行混凝土硬化。落地立杆应垂直稳放在金属底座或坚固底板上。

  2、LIGANXIABUYINGSHEZHIZONGHENGSAODIGAN。ZONGXIANGSAODIGANYINGCAIYONGZHIJIAOKOUJIANGUDINGZAIJUDIZUOSHANGMIANBUDAYU200mmCHUDELIGANSHANG,HENGXIANGSAODIGANYINGCAIYONGZHIJIAOKOUJIANGUDINGZAIJINKAOZONGXIANGSAODIGANXIAFANGDELIGANSHANG。DANGLIGANJICHUBUZAITONGYIGAODUSHANGSHI,BIXUJIANGGAOCHUDEZONGXIANGSAODIGANXIANGDICHUYANZHANGLIANGKUAYULIGANGUDING,GAODICHABUYINGDAYU1m。KAOBIANPOSHANGFANGDELIGANZHOUXIANDAOBIANPODEJULIBUYINGXIAOYU500mm。

  3、LIGANJICHUWAICEYINGSHEZHIJIEMIANBUXIAOYU200×200mmDEPAISHUIGOU,BAOCHILIGANJICHUBUJISHUI,BINGZAIWAICE800mmKUANFANWEINEICAIYONGHUNNINGTUYINGHUA。

  4、WAIJIAOSHOUJIABUYIZHISHEZAIWUMIAN、YUPENG、YANGTAIDENGCHU。QUEYINXUYAO,YINFENBIEDUIWUMIAN、YUPENG、YANGTAIDENGBUWEIDEJIEGOUANQUANXINGJINXINGYANSUAN,BINGZAIZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANZHONGMINGQUE。

  5、DANGJIAOSHOUJIAJICHUXIAYOUSHEBEIJICHU、GUANGOUSHI,ZAIJIAOSHOUJIASHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGBUYINGKAIWA。DANGBIXUKAIWASHI,YINGCAIQUJIAGUCUOSHI。


落地式脚手架施工方案及使用材料要求


  落地式脚手架施工方案:立杆搭设


  1、钢管脚手架底步步距高度不大于2m,其余不大于1.8m,立杆纵距不大于1.8m,横距不大于1.5m。横距宜为0.85m或1.05m。

  2、DASHEGAODUCHAOGUO25mXUCAIYONGSHUANGLIGANHUOSUOXIAOJIANJUDEFANGFADASHE,SHUANGLIGANZHONGDEFULIGANDEGAODUBUYINGDIYU3BU,QIEBUSHAOYU6 m。

  3、DIBULIGANBIXUSHEZHIZONGHENGXIANGSAODIGAN,ZONGXIANGSAODIGANYICAIYONGZHIJIAOKOUJIANGUDINGZAIJUDIZUOSHANGPIBUDAYU200mmDELIGANSHANG,HENGXIANGSAODIGANYEYINGYONGZHIJIAOKOUJIANGUDINGZAIZONGXIANGSAODIGANXIAFANGDELIGANSHANG。

  4、DIPAILIGAN、SAODIGAN、JIANDAOCHENGJUNQIHUANGHEIHUOHONGBAIXIANGJIANSE。


  落地式脚手架施工方案:杆件设置


  1、脚手架立杆与纵向水平杆交点处应设置横向水平杆,两端固定在立杆上,确保安全受力。

  2、LIGANJIEZHANGCHUZAIDINGCENGDINGBUKECAIYONGDAJIEWAI,QIYUGECENGGEBUBIXUCAIYONGDUIJIE。DAJIESHIDAJIEZHANGDUBUXIAOYU1m,QIEBUSHAOYUSANZHIXUANZHUANKOUJIANJINGU。

  3、ZAIJIAOSHOUJIASHIYONGQIJIAN,YANJINCHAICHUZHUJIEDIANCHUDEZONG、HENGXIANGSHUIPINGGAN。

  4、ZONGXIANGSHUIPINGGANYISHEZHIZAILIGANNEICE,QIZHANGDUBUYIXIAOYU3KUA。

  5、ZONGXIANGSHUIPINGGANJIEZHANGYICAIYONGDUIJIEKOUJIANLIANJIE,YEKECAIYONGDAJIE。DANGCAIYONGDUIJIEKOUJIANLIANJIESHI,ZONGXIANGSHUIPINGGANDEDUIJIEKOUJIANYINGJIAOCUOBUZHI。DANGCAIYONGDAJIESHI,ZONGXIANGSHUIPINGGANDAJIEZHANGDUBUYINGXIAOYU1m,YINGDENGJIANJUSHEZHI3GEXUANZHUANKOUJIANGUDING,DUANBUKOUJIANGAIBANBIANYUANZHIDAJIEZONGXIANGSHUIPINGGANGANDUANDEJULIBUYINGXIAOYU100mm。

  6、HENGXIANGSHUIPINGGANLIANGDUANGESHENCHUKOUJIANGAIBANBIANYUANZHANGDUBUYINGSHAOYU100mm,BINGYINGJINLIANGBAOCHIYIZHI。

  7、XIANGLINGANJIANDAJIE、DUIJIEBIXUCUOKAIYIGEDANGJU,TONGYIPINGMIANSHANGDEJIETOUBUDECHAOGUO50%。


落地式脚手架施工方案及使用材料要求


  落地式脚手架施工方案:剪刀撑与横向斜撑设置


  1、剪刀撑应从底部边角沿长度和高度方向连续设置至顶部;

  2、JIANDAOCHENGXIEGANYINGYULIGANHUOHENGXIANGSHUIPINGGANDESHENCHUDUANJINXINGLIANJIE。XIEGANDEJIEZHANGYINGCAIYONGDAJIE,QINGJIAOWEI45º~60º(YOUXIANCAIYONG45º),MEIDAOJIANDAOCHENGKUAYUELIGANGENSHUWEI5~7GEN,KUANDUBUYINGXIAOYU4KUA,QIEBUYINGXIAOYU6m。

  3、YIZIXING、KAIKOUXINGSHUANGPAIJIAOSHOUJIADELIANGDUANJUNYINGSHEZHIHENGXIANGXIECHENG;ZHONGJIANYIMEIGE6KUASHEZHIYIDAOHENGXIANGXIECHENG。

  4、JIANDAOCHENG、HENGXIANGXIECHENGDASHEYINGSUILIGAN、ZONGXIANGHEHENGXIANGSHUIPINGGANDENGTONGBUDASHE。

  5、JIANDAOCHENGYINGCAIYONGDAJIE,DAJIEZHANGDUBUXIAOYU1m,QIEBUSHAOYUSANZHIXUANZHUANKOUJIANJINGU。


  落地式脚手架施工方案:脚手片与防护栏杆


  1、外脚手架脚手片应每步满铺。

  2、JIAOSHOUPIANYINGCHUIZHIQIANGMIANHENGXIANGPUSHE。JIAOSHOUPIANYINGMANPUDAOWEI,BULIUKONGWEI。

  3、JIAOSHOUPIANYINGCAIYONG18#QIANSISHUANGGUBINGLIAN4JIAOBANGZHALAOGU,JIAOJIECHUPINGZHENG,WUTANTOUBAN。JIAOSHOUPIANPOSUNSHIYINGJISHIGENGHUAN。

  4、JIAOSHOUJIAWAICEYINGCAIYONGHEGEDEMIMUSHIANQUANWANGFENGBI。ANQUANWANGYINGCAIYONG18#QIANSIGUDINGZAIJIAOSHOUJIAWAILIGANNEICE。

  5、JIAOSHOUJIAWAICEMEIBUSHE180mmDANGJIAOBAN(GAN),ZAIGAO0.6mYU1.2mCHUGESHEYIDAOTONGCAIZHIDEFANGHULANGAN。JIAOSHOUJIANEICEXINGCHENGLINBIANDE,YINGANJIAOSHOUJIAWAICEFANGHUZUOFA。

  6、PINGWUMIANJIAOSHOUJIAWAILIGANYINGGAOYUYANKOUSHANGPI1.2m。POWUMIANJIAOSHOUJIAWAILIGANYINGGAOYUYANKOUSHANGPI1.5m。


落地式脚手架施工方案及使用材料要求


  落地式脚手架施工方案:架体与建筑物拉结


  1、连墙件宜靠近主节点设置,偏离主节点的距离不应大于300mm,当大于300mm时,应有加强措施。当连墙件位于立杆步距的1/2附近时,须予以调整。

  2、LIANQIANGJIANYINGCONGDICENGDIYIBUZONGXIANGSHUIPINGGANCHUKAISHISHEZHI,DANGGAICHUSHEZHIYOUKUNNANSHI,YINGCAIYONGQITAKEKAOGUDINGCUOSHI。LIANQIANGJIANYILINGXINGBUZHI,YEKECAIYONGFANGXING、JUXINGBUZHI。

  3、LIANQIANGJIANYINGCAIYONGGANGXINGLIANQIANGJIANYUJIANZHUWULIANJIE。

  4、LIANQIANGGANYISHUIPINGSHEZHI,DANGBUNENGSHUIPINGSHEZHISHI,YUJIAOSHOUJIALIANJIEDEYIDUANYINGXIANGXIAXIELIANJIE,BUYINGCAIYONGXIANGSHANGXIELIANJIE。

  5、LIANQIANGJIANJIANJUYINGFUHEZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANDEYAOQIU,SHUIPINGFANGXIANGBUYINGDAYU3KUA,CHUIZHIFANGXIANGBUYINGDAYU3BU,YEBUYINGDAYU4MI(JIATIGAODUZAI50mYISHANGSHIBUYINGDAYU2BU)。LIANQIANGJIANZAIJIANZHUWUZHUANJIAO1mYINEIHEDINGBU800mmYINEIYINGJIAMI。

  6、YIZIXING、KAIKOUXINGJIAOSHOUJIADELIANGDUANBIXUSHEZHILIANQIANGJIAN,LIANQIANGJIANDECHUIZHIJIANJUBUYINGDAYUJIANZHUWUDECENGGAO,BINGBUYINGDAYU4mHUO2BU;

  7、JIAOSHOUJIAYINGPEIHESHIGONGJINDUDASHE,YICIDASHEGAODUBUYINGCHAOGUOXIANGLINLIANQIANGJIANYISHANGLIANGBU。

  8、ZAIJIAOSHOUJIASHIYONGQIJIAN,YANJINCHAICHULIANQIANGJIAN。LIANQIANGJIANBIXUSUIJIAOSHOUJIAZHUCENGCHAICHU,YANJINXIANJIANGLIANQIANGJIANZHENGCENGHUOSHUCENGCHAICHUHOUZAICHAIJIAOSHOUJIA;FENDUANCHAICHUGAOCHABUYINGDAYULIANGBU,RUGAOCHADAYULIANGBU,YINGZENGSHELIANQIANGJIANJIAGU。

  9、YINSHIGONGXUYAOXUCHAICHUYUANLIANQIANGJIANSHI,YINGCAIQUKEKAO、YOUXIAODELINSHILAJIECUOSHI,YIQUEBAOWAIJIAANQUANKEKAO。

  10、JIATIGAODUCHAOGUO40mQIEYOUFENGWOLIUZUOYONGSHI,YINGCAIQUKANGSHANGSHENGFANLIUZUOYONGDELIANQIANGCUOSHI。


  落地式脚手架施工方案:架体内封闭


  1、脚手架内立杆距墙体净距一般不应大于200mm。当不能满足要求时,应铺设站人片。站人片设置平整牢固。

  2、JIAOSHOUJIAZAISHIGONGCENGJIYIXIAMEIGE3BUYUJIANZHUWUZHIJIANYINGJINXINGSHUIPINGFENGBIGELI,SHOUCENGJIDINGCENGYINGSHEZHISHUIPINGFENGBIGELI。


落地式脚手架施工方案及使用材料要求


  落地式脚手架施工方案:外脚手架宜设置上下走人斜道


  斜道应符合下列规定:

  1、XIEDAOFUZHEDASHEZAIJIAOSHOUJIADEWAICE,BUDEXUANTIAO。XIEDAODESHEZHIYINGWEILAIHUISHANGZHEXING,PODUBUYINGDAYU1∶3,KUANDUBUYINGXIAOYU1m,ZHUANJIAOCHUPINGTAIMIANJIBUYIXIAOYU3m2。XIEDAOLIGANYINGDANDUSHEZHI,BUDEJIEYONGJIAOSHOUJIALIGAN,BINGYINGZAICHUIZHIFANGXIANGHESHUIPINGFANGXIANGMEIGEYIBUHUOYIGEZONGJUSHEYILIANJIE。

  2、XIEDAOLIANGCEJIZHUANJIAOPINGTAIWAIWEIJUNYINGSHE180mmDANGJIAOBAN(GAN),ZAIGAO0.6mYU1.2mCHUGESHEYIDAOTONGCAIZHIDEFANGHULANGAN,BINGYONGHEGEDEMIMUSHIANQUANWANGFENGBI。

  3、XIEDAOCEMIANJIPINGTAIWAICEYINGSHEZHIJIANDAOCHENG。

  4、XIEDAOJIAOSHOUPIANYINGCAIYONGHENGPU,MEIGE300mmSHEYIFANGHUATIAO。FANGHUATIAOYICAIYONG20×40mmFANGMU,BINGDUODAOQIANSIBANGZHALAOGU。


  落地式脚手架施工方案:门洞(八字撑)的搭设


  1、脚手架门洞口宜采用上升斜杆、平行弦桁架结构形式,斜杆与地面倾角应在45º~60º之间;

  2、BAZICHENGGANYICAIYONGTONGZHANGGAN;

  3、BAZICHENGGANYINGCAIYONGXUANZHUANKOUJIANGUIDINGZAIYUZHIXIANGJIAODEXIAOHENGGANSHENCHUDUANHUOKUAJIANXIAOHENGGANSHANG;

  4、MENDONGHENGJIAXIADELIANGCELIGANYINGWEISHUANGLIGAN,FULIGANGAODUYINGGAOYUMENDONG1~2BU;

  5、MENDONGHENGJIAZHONGSHENCHUSHANGXIAXIANGANDEGANJIANDUANTOU,JUNYINGSHEYIGEFANGHUAKOUJIAN。FANGHUAKOUJIANYIJINKAOZHUJIEDIANCHUDEKOUJIAN。

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